With a population of 51,376 as of the 2010 Census, Yucaipa is the 16th most populous of the 24 cities in San Bernardino County. Yucaipa has had relatively steady population growth. From 1950 to 1970, Yucaipa increased by about 5,500 residents each decade. Population growth accelerated to about 9,000 residents per decade for the next 30 years. The largest increase was between 2000 and 2010, when Yucaipa’s population increased 25 percent due to the real estate boom and building of new subdivisions. Looking forward, Yucaipa is expected to build out to a population of 75,000 residents.
Yucaipa’s population has seen a gradual change in the age of residents. In 1970, the median age of Yucaipa residents was 56 years old due in part to the significant number of mobile home parks built for seniors. For decades, Yucaipa was marketed to seniors as a retirement community. At its peak, Yucaipa’s senior residents made up 38 percent of all residents. Over the following decades, Yucaipa’s senior population remained around 7,500, although its relative share of the City’s population declined. Beginning in the mid-1980s, Yucaipa’s population began to diversify as larger tracts of vacant land were developed with single-family housing subdivisions, which attracted a broader age group, especially families with children. During the 1990s and 2000s, younger and middle-age adults with children increased substantially. By 2010, a further 25 percent increase in the baby boom population, ages 45 to 64 years, made this group the largest age group in Yucaipa. Today, the City’s median age is 38 years, slightly above that of the county. Over the next several decades, Yucaipa’s population should trend toward an increase in both middle-age and senior adults. These local changes are due to demographic trends in the broader region, the cost of housing, and projected residential developments in the community. These trends will influence the type of housing, jobs, and services in Yucaipa.
Similar to age patterns, Yucaipa’s household composition has also broadened. Married families with children comprise about 25 percent of Yucaipa’s household, which is slightly lower than in the county as of 2010. Married couples without children have increased to 29 percent of households, due in large part to the increase in middle-aged adults moving into Yucaipa and empty nesters already living in the community. Single person households comprise 23 percent due to the number of senior citizens. Looking forward, demographic characteristics point toward a growing need for more diverse housing, recreation, and health-care services in the community.
Another significant trend is the income of Yucaipa residents. In the 1970s, the City’s median household income was only 64% of the median for San Bernardino County. This was because Yucaipa was predominantly a retirement community. The development of new residential subdivisions in the 1980s and 1990s attracted families with higher incomes seeking quality housing. By 2010, the City’s median household income was $59,000, the 9th highest in San Bernardino County and 105% of the county median. The median income for Yucaipa residents is expected to continue increasing relative to the county median income, reaching 118% by 2020. This is in part due to employment levels and a growing number of residents employed in the health, public administration, finance, and information services.